The investigative Committee has not yet confirmed information about Boris Berezovsky’s complicity in the murders of journalists Vlad Listyev, Anna Politkovskaya and the Deputy of the State Duma Vladimir Golovlyov.
The interest to personality of the disgraced oligarch and the need to verify his complicity in the murders has occurred after the Rossiya 1 TV channel had broadcast a documentary Berezovsky.
The authors of the revealing documentary accused Berezovsky of five murders - of journalist Vlad Listyev, a former KGB officer Alexander Litvinenko, businessman Badri Patarkatsishvili, politicians SergeyYushenkov and Vladimir Golovlyov. The film also accused Berezovsky of being behind the abduction of the former Russian presidential candidate Ivan Rybkin.
The Press-Secretary of the SK Vladimir Markin also recalled that the SK had received a statement addressed to the Chairman of the SK from Mikhail Kodanev convicted in 2004 for the murder of the State Duma Deputy Sergey Yushenkov. Kodanev reported that the real customers of the murder of the deputy were Badri Patarkatsishvili and Berezovsky.
According to Markin, Kodanev will be convoyed to Moscow, since he “expressed the desire to comprehensively cooperate with the investigation”. He demanded a re-examination of the case, claiming his innocence of the crime. As it turns out, the reason to get justice was simple then - he had been promised $3 million but wasn’t paid.
For the first time the press wrote negatively about Berezovsky in connection with his appearance in August 1994 in the board of directors of AvtoVAZ. As reported by the media, Berezovsky and CEO Vladimir Kadannikov in order to establish full control over Avtovaz used the scheme of cross-shareholding. As reported, the essence of the scheme was that the majority of shares in the company was bought by VAZ-controlled firms, including LogoVAZ and AVVA. It turned out that the top managers of the plant became heads of the structures that had kept its shares.
It was also reported that another "invention" by Kadannikov and Berezovsky was schemes of sham cars re-export. Their essence was that the exported vehicles cost less than those that went to the domestic market. But the cars crossed the border only on paper. In fact, they were sold in Russia on domestic prices.
"Profile» № 43 (115) on 23.11.1998
Press wrote about the scandals associated with secret service owned by Boris Berezovsky - a private security company "Atoll". It was reported that this structure provided not only security services, but also engaged in spying, espionage and collecting dirt for enemies and friends of Berezovsky. According to the media, the people of Yeltsin's inner circle, known as the "Family" appeared in its field of view .
They wrote that in the summer of 1998 "Atoll" of Berezovsky got in the field of view of law enforcement agencies. Employees of DOCU in the Eastern District of Moscow withdrew specialized equipment and materials collected on the leading politicians of the country from the base of the security company . But soon the "Atoll" got its property back.
According to press reports, in January 1999 the General Prosecutor's Office of Russia opened a criminal case, and repeatedly searched «Atoll».
Source "Moskovsky Komsomolets" on 20.01.99, on 21.06.2006, from 21.06.2006
According to the head of «Atoll», the case against his company was terminated. But, according to the media, Berezovsky chose to get rid of it. First, funding for security services was reduced and then stopped altogether.
"Moskovsky Komsomolets" on 21/06/2006
Berezovsky's name ended up in the media in connection with reports about his collaboration with Chechen field commanders about the abduction and release of the hostages in 1996. It was reported that the militants earned money through such a cooperation, while Berezovsky gained political capital. First, as the press was writing, with the help of Berezovsky there were 22 OMON riot policemen released from the Chechen captivity, captured on December 14, 1996 in Dagestan. Shortly thereafter, 11 Chechens were released from the Russian prisons, and then pardoned retroactively. Berezovsky helped to return from the Chechen captivity the NTV correspondent Helen Masyuk, and Plenipotentiary Representative of President of RF, Valentin Vlasov. The entrenched image of a peacemaker was spoiled with the release of a Ministry of Interior of Russia, General Gennady Shpigun. The Chechens were to release him on June 12, 1999. But after the Berezovsky's intervention in the negotiations Shpigun was killed.
"Moskovsky Komsomolets" of 22.06.2006
In late 1996, Berezovsky appeared in the scandalous story related to the assignment of his Israeli citizenship. Media reported that on October 29, 1996 that Berezovsky was appointed Deputy Security Council Secretary, Ivan Rybkin on presidential decree. But then the information appeared he had had citizenship of Israel at the time. Moreover, he received Israeli citizenship in November 1993. Those two circumstances - the new appointment and Israeli citizenship - conflicted with Russia’s law on civil service.
"Izvestia" on 22/11/1996
According to press reports, on November 13, 1996 Berezovsky confirmed he did have Israeli citizenship. He said that even before the new appointment, he applied the Israeli Foreign Ministry for annulling it. Press wrote that, according to some reports, there was a falsification of documents. Berezovsky reportedly sent a statement of revocation of citizenship for a couple of months before the appointment. But the documents were lost by the Israeli authorities.
"Moskovsky Komsomolets" on 21/06/2006
According to media reports, on November 20, 1996 the Israeli embassy in Russia officially stated that Berezovsky was no longer a citizen of Israel.
"Izvestia" on 22/11/1996
The press described the protracted conflict between Boris Berezovsky and Russia's law enforcement and supervisory authorities.
On November 13, 1998 Berezovsky published an open letter to the FSB director Vladimir Putin, saying the preparation of attempt on his life. Berezovsky argued that in late 1997 the former management of the Office for development and suppress the activities of criminal organizations FSB allegedly instructed its subordinates to kill him.
"Kommersant» № 212 (1615) on 13.11.1998, "Moskovsky Komsomolets" on 23/01/2006
On November 17, 1998 Berezovsky organized the ORT press conference in which representatives of the FSB took part, including Lt. Col. Alexander Litvinenko, who later defected from Russia in the UK. FSB officials reportedly confirmed that they had received an instruction from the superiors to eliminate Berezovsky. The same was to occur with the brother of famous Chechen businessman Umar Dzhabrailov - Hussein. Litvinenko also said that they had prepared an attempt on a senior tax official also. As written in the press, the FSB officers asked the public to protect them from the criminal leadership. Media wrote that experts linked that action to the campaign discrediting the government of Yevgeny Primakov.
Source "Profile» № 43 (115) on 23.11.1998 and # 12 (134) on 05.04.1999
In 2001, as the press stated, Berezovsky asked the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Great Britain and announced that Russia's security services had been preparing an attempt on his life. After that Berezovsky obtained political refugee status in the UK.
gzt.ru № 51 dated 21.03.2008
According to media reports, on January 24, 2002 the confrontation between Berezovsky and Russian intelligence services continued. Berezovsky was accused by FSB director Nikolai Patrushev of the financing the illegal armed formations in Chechnya. As reported, in response to those charges Berezovsky declared about the involvement of special services of Russia to the bombings of apartment blocks in Moscow and Volgodonsk in 1999.
lenta.ru citing IUE "Panorama" on 23/01/2006
On March 5, 2002 the media reported that Berezovsky was involved in the preparation of a campaign of Chechen bandit formations to Dagestan in the summer of 1999; and also took part in the kidnapping and murder of General Shpigun in Chechnya. Prosecutor's Office released the statement of an unnamed witness. Reportedly he claimed that Berezovsky had had relation to Chechen separatists, and also maintained close relations in business as well with the Chechen criminal group in Moscow and its leaders - Khozh-Akhmed Nukhayev and Movladi Atlangeriev. The media wrote that, according to some sources, Nukhaev and Atlangeriev owned a large stake in the St. Petersburg branch of JSC «LogoVAZ».
lenta.ru citing Demfront.narod.ru from 01.09.2005
The press wrote about Boris Berezovsky in connection with the notorious "case of Aeroflot», its investigation began in April 1999. According to press reports, in late 1995 Berezovsky played a key role in the change of leadership in "Aeroflot"; as a result, Marshal Yevgeny Shaposhnikov headed the company. The first deputy general director on commerce in «Aeroflot» became the former director of LogoVAZ, Samat Zhaboev. However, Berezovsky made no secret of that he wanted to take part in the company privatization.
"Kommersant» № 212 (930) on 16.11.1995, "Kommersant-Vlast» # 48 (159) on 26.12.1995
In 1999, according to press reports, Berezovsky was accused of illegal business activities associated with Aeroflot. It was reported that on April 6, 1999 Prosecutor General of Russia ordered the imprisonment of Berezovsky and the Deputy Director General of Aeroflot, Nikolay Glushkov. On April 14, 1999 the decision was reversed. According to investigators, Glushkov along with another deputy general director of Aeroflot, Alexander Krasneker, and chief accountant Lidia Kryzhevskaya misled the head of "Aeroflot" Shaposhnikov by persuading him to concentrate 80 % of the free foreign exchange earnings of the company on account of the Swiss company "Andava». According to press reports, one of the founders and major shareholders of “Andava” was Glushkov, and the other major shareholder - Boris Berezovsky.
As the press was writing, in the Prosecutor's Office opinion 252 million dollars passed through "Andava" in 1996-97. According to investigators, nearly 40 million had been illegally transferred in the Swiss bank Credit Suisse to personal accounts of Glushkov, Krasneker, and Kryzhevskaya.
Source gzt.ru from 15.03.2004, "Kommersant" dated 09/07/2002
According to investigators, Berezovsky participated in the embezzlement of funds through his Swiss company Forus Holding. As the press reported, the main part of "case of Aeroflot" had lasted five years and ended with a verdict by the Savyolovsky court of Moscow. Glushkov, Krasneker, Kryzhevskaya, and another helper were found guilty, but on the whole the version of the Prosecutor General's Office of serious crimes committed by them had been rejected. In March 2004, as reported, all of the four received minimum terms and were released in the courtroom immediately after sentencing. The case against Mr Berezovsky was separated in a special case.
gzt.ru from 15.03.2004
According to press reports, in November 1999, Berezovsky was acquitted of charges, and he became involved in the case as a witness.
RIA Novosti on 07/12/1999
The media wrote that on October 2, 2001 Prosecutor General of Russia ordered the compulsory process of Berezovsky's interrogation on the case of "Aeroflot" as a witness . On October 22, 2001 Prosecutor General Vladimir Ustinov said that Berezovsky would be arrested if one appears in Russia
lenta.ru citing IUE Panorama of the 23.01.2006
On July 12, 2007 the Savelovsky court of Moscow began an absent trial of Berezovsky. He was charged of fraud - embezzlement of Aeroflot at 214 million rubles (Part 3 of Article 159 of the Criminal Code of Russia), as well as the legalization of stolen money in excess of 16 million rubles (Part 3 of Article 174 of the Penal Code).
Berezovsky refused to participate in the process, even through his lawyers, calling it a "farce".
RIA Novosti on 12/07/2007
As reported, on November 29, 2007 the Savyolovsky court of Moscow sentenced Berezovsky in absentia to six years imprisonment. He was found guilty of fraud, but not of the legalization of stolen funds of Aeroflot.
RIA News of 29.11.2007
Boris Berezovsky appeared in the scandal connected with the murder of Ukrainian journalist Georgy Gongadze.
As the press was writing, a former employee of the State Security Service of Ukraine, Major Mykola Melnichenko secretly recorded his conversations when working in the administration of the President Leonid Kuchma. In late 2000 some of the records were made public; that provoked a "cassette scandal" in Ukraine: it was an opportunity to accuse Leonid Kuchma and his closest associates of the murder of journalist Georgy Gongadze, as well as - of the pressure on the deputies and judges, and of sales of radars «Mail» to Iraq.
lenta.ru with other links on Correspondent.net on 05/03/2005
Media reported that in 2002 Nikolai Melnichenko sold part of his archive to Boris Berezovsky.
Nezavisimaya Gazeta № 261 (3659) from 01.12.2005
And in March 2005, Melnichenko turned to Berezovsky for ensuring his safety as he was the last witness in the case of Gongadze murder after the strange suicide of former Interior Minister of Ukraine, Yuri Kravchenko.
Law and Business № 49 (725) on 03.12.2005, Today (Ukraine) # 1993 from 05.03.2005
As reported, in April 2006 already Melnichenko accused Berezovsky of films manipulations. According to him, the patron attempted to publish only some parts of the film, hiding the rest.
Nezavisimaya Gazeta № 261 (3659) from 01.12.2005
A little later the relationship between Melnichenko and Berezovsky had completely spoiled. The first said that Berezovsky conspired with the senior Ukrainian government in order to rig the criminal investigation of the Gongadze murder. Representatives of the latter accused Melnichenko of the fact he had forbidden to make public records and possibly fabricated part of the transcripts.
lenta.ru with reference to the phrase (Fraza.com.ua) from 05.12.2005 and from 06.12.2005
The press wrote about the scandal caused by Berezovsky's visit to Georgia under a different name. According to media reports, on September 12, 2003 Berezovsky was granted a political asylum in Britain. The London Court dismissed the case for his extradition to Russia. In the same year, British authorities issued a travel document to Berezovsky under the name of Platon Elenin. In December 2003, Berezovsky met with his business partner Badri Patarkatsishvili in Georgia, and then he presented documents in the name Elenin on the border.
Source BBC News, Russian service from 23.01.2004, Kommersant »# 166 (2769) on 13.09.2003," Nezavisimaya Gazeta» № 40 (3720) of 01.03.2006
Newspapers wrote about the Brazilian prosecutors’ interest to Boris Berezovsky.
It was reported that according to unconfirmed reports, Berezovsky managed the company Media Sports Investment (MSI) through his trustee - Iranian Kia Joorabchian, and was the general sponsor of the soccer club “Corinthians” (Corinthians) – champion of Brazilian championship in 2005.
Source Kommersant № 80 (3411) on 05.05.2006 and # 81 (3412) on 10/05/2006
According to press reports, in 2005 the Brazilian authorities for combating financial irregularities became interested in the possible involvement of MSI in money laundering. Brazilian law enforcement authorities could not understand what the source of funds was, enabling the company to buy and sell the leading Latin American players (the press called Media Sports Investment the sponsor of the Brazilian soccer club Corinthians).
According to media reports, May 5, 2006, Berezovsky was arrested by theBrazilian police in the airport Kumbika in city of Sгo Paulo, and gave testimonies for several hours. The reason for the detention was a criminal case on money laundering through the football clubs in Brazil.
According to press reports, in September 2006 the Prosecutor's Office in Sгo Paulo prepared a report, according to which some of the money allegedly laundered through the Corinthians, "in fact belonged to Berezovsky, Patarkatsishvili, and Dzhurabchan (by the time the latter had already left his post as head of MSI).
"Vision" from 06.05.2006, "Labor» № 171 from 16.09.2006
Brazilian general prosecutor demanded to arrest the leaders of the investment group Media Sports Investment; it suspected them of money laundering and forming a criminal group. In July 2007, it was reported that the Brazilian court issued a warrant for the arrest of Mr Berezovsky, as well as other co-owners of MSI, including - Kia Joorabchian, and financial director of the investment group “Noyana bedru”. Since all the three at the time had been outside of Brazil, the request for their arrest was handed over to Interpol, and the MSI’s accounts were frozen in all the country's banks.
ITAR-TASS on 13/07/2007
But in September 2008, as the media reported, the criminal case was closed, and the warrant for the arrest of Berezovsky was withdrawn. The press accosiated Such an odd final with the violations committed during the investigation.
lenta.ru with reference to the Associated Press on 17/09/2008
The press described a conflict between Boris Berezovsky and another oligarch - Roman Abramovich. According to the press, in the second half of 1995 Berezovsky and Abramovich did not conflict, but instead organized a joint business in the petroleum sector. Abramovich was engaged in organizational matters, while Berezovsky – in lobbying
project in the administration of President Yeltsin.
"Business news" (Omsk) from 27.04.2005
According to press reports, in August 1995 "Siberian Oil Company (Sibneft) was established by a decree of Boris Yeltsin.
"Moskovsky Komsomolets" on 02/06/1999
It was reported that several companies established by Abramovich and Berezovsky were engaged in the acquisition of Sibneft's shares - they became winners of investment tenders either independently, or through subsidiaries.
Conflict.Rosbalt.Ru on 14/12/2003
Thus, as the press was wrote, the controlling stake in the company cost Abramovich and Berezovsky 25 times cheaper than its market value.
"interlocutor" on 05/03/2003
According to press reports, the open stage of the conflict began in July 2005 when Mr Berezovsky announced that he and Patarkatsishvili had received about 1 billion dollars from Roman Abramovich for their shares in Sibneft Russian Aluminum, and ORT. Berezovsky claimed that this sum was far below the real value of securities sold, and announced that he was going to file a lawsuit to Abramovich in the UK.
«Vedomosti» № 121 (1402) from 05.07.2005
It was reported that the suit was brought to the Supreme Court of Justice in London on June 1, 2007.
"Kommersant» № 52 (3869) on 29/03/2008
On October 6, 2007 press described an incident in one of the trendy shops in central London. Berezovsky found Abramovich there and tried to give him a summons to court. It was reported that Berezovsky gave several papers to Abramovich, but the latter put his hands behind his back, and the papers fell to the floor.
Later, Berezovsky told reporters that that was the agenda. And according to British law agenda is considered to be handed, even if it was thrown at the feet of the recipient in front of witnesses.
lenta.ru with reference to The Daily Mail dated 06.10.2007; IA cursor on 10/07/2007
According to the press, the judicial war between Berezovsky and Abramovich has not yet ended. At the moment, reportedly Berezovsky accuses Mr Abramovich that he forced him to sell half of Sibneft at a reduced price - Boris Berezovsky received 1.3 billion dollars for his package, while in 2005 Gazprom paid to Roman Abramovich for that package 10 times more.
wek.com.ua on 11/09/2009
Television channels broadcasted a person who introduced himself as "Peter", and reported that in 2003, Berezovsky allegedly offered him money for false testimony in court. Supposedly Berezovsky needed it in order to obtain political asylum in the UK and to avoid extradition to Russia. "Peter" was asked to pose as an agent of the FSB, who was sent to London to kill Berezovsky. By the words of "Peter", he declined the offer. But they slipped psychotropic substances in coffee, made an audio record with false confessions, and presented it in court. "Peter" also said that Litvinenko knew the scheme of obtaining political refugee status by Berezovsky; allegedly on that reason he had been killed.
lenta.ru with other links on the "News of the Week" from 08.04.2007
Berezovsky, as written in the press, said that the real name of the mysterious "Peter" was Vladimir Teplyuk; he had already been mentioned in the press in January 2006 in the article of the deputy, Alexander Khinshtein. According to that article, in 2003 Berezovsky allegedly intended to use Teplyuk as a fallback for political asylum in Britain. As reported, Teplyuk the initiator of the meetings. He was so insistent that Litvinenko had even begun to suspect him a FSB officer.
Source Kommersant »№ 53 (3629) on 02.04.2007, № 81 (3412) on 06.05.2006, Gazeta.ru from 02.04.2007
According to press reports, in March 2010 the High Court in London ruled on the suit of Boris Berezovsky to VGTRK (on the television channel "Russia" in VGTRK which had shown the program "News of the Week" with "Peter"). The Court acknowledged that the program contained false accusations against the businessman who allegedly had been granted political asylum in Britain by deception. Reportedly, Boris Berezovsky was awarded compensation in the amount of 150 thousand pounds ($ 223 thousand). Defendants stated that they intended to appeal the decision.
finansmag.ru on 10/03/2010
April 13, 2007, as the press reported, Boris Berezovsky launched a new international scandal. The British newspaper The Guardian published an interview with Berezovsky, in which he declared his involvement in a coup in Russia. Disgraced oligarh accused Putin of creating an unconstitutional regime, power centralization, closure of democratic reforms, and the actual destruction of the political opposition.
lenta.ru with reference to The Guardian, 13.04.2007
As the press reported, Russia's chief prosecutor Yuri Chaika due to the statement by Mr Berezovsky ordered to bring a new criminal case against him.
Gazeta.Ru on 13/04/2007
Soon the Prosecutor General of Russia indeed brought criminal case against the entrepreneur under Article 278 of the Criminal Code (violent seizure of power "), providing imprisonment for a term of 12 to 20 years.
lenta.ru with reference to The Times of 16.06.2003
However, Russia's Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov accused Berezovsky of abusing the political refugee status and, based on this, said that Britain should have extradited him.
As reported, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Great Britain also condemned the statement of Mr Berezovsky. By the evening of the same day, Berezovsky softened his stance; he said in an interview with The Guardian that he had not meant the forced overthrow of Russia's power.
gzt.ru on 13/04/2007
On July 18, 2007, the British press once again burst with scandal associated with Boris Berezovsky. The businessman told reporters that they intended to kill him. From the words of Mr Berezovsky, he had been warned by the British police and advised to temporarily leave the country. Berezovsky said that he had been receiving threats for too long, which had been the result of "the Russian intelligence services activities”. On the same day comment appeared in the British press from official sources in Scotland Yard, which confirmed they arrested a man in London, who had determined to kill Berezovsky.
lenta.ru with reference to The Times of 18.07.2007
Only in 2008 information appeared in the press that the British suspected the Chechen criminal "authority" Atlangeriev of preparingthe assassination of Berezovsky and deported him to Russia.
"Kommersant» № 62 (3879) of 14.04.2008
On July 30, 2007 the press reported on the regular claims to Boris Berezovsky from the Prosecutor General of Russia. The olygarh was suspected of embezzling 13.7 million dollars of SBS-Agro. As reported, the position of the investigation lied in the fact that Berezovsky organized a criminal group, together with which he fraudulently obtained a loan of SBS-Agro in 1997. According to investigators, Berezovsky spent the money on the purchase of real estate on the Mediterranean coast of France. A corresponding criminal case was opened June 29, 2007, and, as reported by Berezovsky's lawyers, was the eleventh criminal case having brought against their client in Russia. As press wrote, the prosecutors sent a petition for the arrest in absentia of Berezovsky to the Basmanny court.
RIA Novosti on 30/07/2007
On August 7, 2007 the Basmannyy Moscow court sanctioned the arrest of Berezovsky in absentia. Judge substantiated decision on the fact that the entrepreneur had had extensive contacts in law enforcement and commercial structures, and might have affected the investigation.
Interfax news of 07.08.2007
In autumn 2009 the press reported that the Investigation Committee of the Prosecutor (ICP) charged the political emigrant Boris Berezovsky under article 159 (fraud) and section 174 (money laundering) of the Criminal Code. According to investigators, Berezovsky obviously was not going to return the money to "SBS-Agro”, and brought the money abroad through accounts of the company Forus controlled by him, and then got real estate on the Mediterranean Sea.
www.finansmag.ru on 22/09/2009
One more criminal case on Boris Berezovsky was associated with the embezzlement of "AvtoVAZ". According to press reports, in November 2008 the case against Boris Berezovsky and the former director general LogoVAZ "Yuli Dubov was transferred in the Krasnogorsk City Court of the Moscow region. They were accused of theft of AvtoVAZ funds in 1995, and of the legalization of funds derived from the criminal activity. According to investigators, Berezovsky and Dubov had not paid the company for the more than 5.5 thousand Zhiguli cars of different models, set by the plant LogoVAZ, and thus had kidnapped 143.7 billion non-denominated rubles. The press noted that prior to the criminal case delivered in the court, the arbitration courts had recognized that transaction legal.
"Kommersant» № 215 (4032) 26/11/2008
Media reported that in June 2009 the Krasnogorsk city court found Berezovsky and Dubov guilty of embezzling the funds of the company AvtoVAZ. Boris Berezovsky was accused of embezzling 58 million rubles from the company AvtoVAZ, and was sentenced to 13 years imprisonment. Yuli Dubov was sentenced to 9 years of imprisonment. As the press reported, Prosecutor General of Russia announced their intention to send a new request to Britain for Berezovsky’s extradition.
BBC News on 26/06/2009
According to press reports, in March 2008 the Investigative Committee at Russia’s prosecutors filed a new case against Boris Berezovsky. It was "on the fact of knowingly false denunciation, connected to the artificial creation of prosecution evidence”. Under such an article the petition of the entrepreneur in the UK Ministery of Internal
Affairs had been brought in 2001; he wrote on 96 pages that in Russia he had been persecuted for political reasons, his business had been taken, etc. He pointed out that Russia's security services were going to kill him. Russia's investigators believe that Berezovsky did that for the subsequent receipt of refugee status.
"Kommersant» № 46 (3863) on 21.03.2008, gzt.ru № 51 21.03.2008
In January 2010, as written in the press, the Basmanny Court in Moscow seized the businessman’s New York apartment. The decision was taken in a framework of the criminal case against Berezovsky on providing false information in order to obtain political asylum in Britain. Boris Berezovsky reacted to news of the arrest by stating that he has no apartments in New York.
trud.ru from 22.01. 2010
According to media reports, by the end of January 2010 there have been 12 criminal cases investigated against Berezovsky in Russia. The latter charge was on the organization of a criminal community; he was charged in absentia in September 2009. That charge was a part of the criminal case initiated in 2007 - of theft in the credit bank "SBS-Agro”. In total, reportedly Berezovsky has been charged in absentia over a dozen cases. Those were the accusation of actions aimed at seizing power (it was a series of interview with Mr Berezovsky in early 2006), the illegal acquisition of house and land in Zhukovka in the Moscow area, as well as fraud, money laundering, etc. Berezovsky said to journalists that all the cases against him were just a "political farce", and forbade his lawyers to participate in any trials in Russia. According to media reports, the Prosecutor General's Office of Russia has repeatedly appealed to the British authorities requesting for Berezovsky's extradition, but the positive response has not been received yet.
gzt.ru on 22/01/2010
In 1996 income declaration of the secretary of the Security Council Ivan Rybkin was published. In 1995 Ivan Rybkin purchased Swedish Saab-9000 car. The declaration did not specify cost of the car. Previously Rybkin's car was declared as Volga in Duma papers. An apartment at Protochny lane that had an area of 176 sq.m. was not earlier mentioned in papers on housing of State Duma deputies. While being the Speaker, Rybkin got the state apartment for temporary residence but later he privatized it. The apartment value was 548 million rubles, as was stated in the declaration, that is less than $ 500 per square meter. But in fact he owned not one, as he claimed, but two adjacent apartments on the same landing. Rybkin, as well, did not declare his five-room apartment in Zvenigorodskaya street, 12, measuring 220 square meters. On October 1995 this apartment was reported to be purchased by a certain Yaroslavsky from the family of aircraft designer Ilyushin for 800 thousand dollars which was quite in line with its real value, as real estate agents confirmed. During a year maintenance crew was working at the apartment. They replaced practically new oak parquetry and demolished partition walls.
Source: FLB, 19 June, 1997
On 4 July at the political council of the Liberalnaya Rossiya (Liberal Russia) party Boris Berezovsky's supporters nominated Ivan Rybkin as their acting party leader, as Mr. Rybkin himself yesterday announced. When interviewed by Kommersant,Rybkin said that all six members of the political council had been present at the meeting as well as Boris Berezovsky, the party leader, who had taken part in the council through video-conference with London. The political council was "urgently convened because of the critical state of the party as co-chairman Mikhail Kodanev is in prison while Boris Berezovsky, the leader, is in London." The meeting was held behind closed doors.
Rybkin himself stated that he had agreed to take the leading position "after long consideration". And the "final straw that made a decision" was the death of State Duma deputy Yury Shchekochikhin.
Source: Kommersant, 8 July, 2003
On 2 February, 2004 Rybkin publicly accused Putin's administration of unleashing the Second Chechen War and corruption. Rybkin said that he had conclusive evidence of the Putin's participation in the business. According to Rybkin, Putin's business is being run by Roman Abramovich, Gennadi Timchenko and Kovalchuk brothers. Shares of NTV and Pervy Kanal TV-companies, as well as Surgutneftegaz oil company and many other corporations are held by people personally controlled by Putin. Rybkin claimed that Putin was major tycoon in Russia.
Source: Kommersant, 2 February, 2004
On 5 February, 2004, in the evening, Ivan Rybkin disappeared. On 8 February Rybkin's wife applied to the Arbat police department. On the same day Moscow police opened the investigation case.
Source: Kommersant, 11 February, 2004
On 10 February, 2004 Rybkin was found. At 22 p.m. he appeared at the Moscow airport. He arrived from Kiyiv. Rybkin said that he had taken a break and had come to visit Ukrainian friends incognito without leaving a note for his kin.
Source: Moskovsky Komsomolets, 2 March, 2004
On 13 February, 2004 Rybkin took a flight to London and there he stated his case in a different way. As Rybkin claimed, former member of the committee on search for missing people in Chechnya Gokhan Arsaliev phoned him and said that Aslan Maskhadov asked for a meeting. Former Chechen president Maskhadov make a rendezvous with him in Kiev since Rybkin, as it befits to a liberal, was not able to refuse.
Then Arsaliev secretly took Rybkin from home, drove him to Kaluga, get him on a train from Moscow to Odessa. There Rybkin was awaited by mysterious strangers of Slavic appearance and then he got hot tea, long-term oblivion, interrogation and abuse ...
Source: Gazeta, 16 February, 2004
On 14 February, 2004 Berezovsky's employee, former Federal Security Service officer Alexander Litvinenko published a commentary on Rybkin's statement. Litvinenko claimed to know what kind of controlled substance impacted presidential candidate: "Everything that happened to Rybkin indicates that psychotropic drug SP-117 was used against him. The drug is being used by FSS counter-intelligence and antiterrorist departments for the exclusive targets."
Source: Lenta.Ru, 14 February, 2004
On 5 March , 2004 Ivan Rybkin announced his withdrawal from the presidential election. The election campaign lost its most amusing character. Rybkin was nominated for presidency exclusively for representing publicly his views on current circumstances of Russia and for reminding to the society of his friend Boris Berezovsky.
Source: Lenta.Ru, 5 March, 2004
On August 2011 the opposition political group applied to Moscow city hall for arrangement a rally and procession on the Russian flag Day. The application as well was signed by Ivan Rybkin, the first the chairman of the State Duma in the new history of Russia.
Now I can see, to put it mildly, strange things happening in the country – Rybkin said . - When people who were responsible for adoption of the flag, defended the flag, people like Boris Nemtsov, Aksyuchits, Astafiev, Ponomarev go into Moscow streets waving the flag and they are immediately put into the jug, I am sorry to say ... I think that neither the president nor the prime minister, nor the chairman of the State Duma nor the Federation Council chairman, let alone the mayor of Moscow, have right to prohibit this kind of procession, all the more it corresponds to the 31st article of the Constitution, we put a lot work into it as well . Don't take people for fools! Because they can suffer and suffer for a long time and then rise all of a sudden! These guys, they were talking good things at the beginning of their career but the matter is they easily took their words back. Even Boris Yeltsin was mostly disappointed with his expectation for the successors.
Source: Radio Liberty, 22 August, 2011
From 2006 to 2009, Markin studied on an individual plan at the Moscow Institute of Economics and Culture (IEiK), graduating with a degree in law.
Source: RBC, September 21, 2011
In July 2011, it was announced that Markin was going to participate in the elections to the State Duma of the sixth convocation from the United Russia party. He wasn’t a member of the party, however, he took part in the primaries to participate in its list of the All-Russia People’s Front (ONF) in Volgograd. In this regard, human rights activists announced that Markin’s nomination was contrary to the law “On the Investigation Committee of the Russian Federation”. After their appeal to the General Prosecutor's office Prosecutor General, the office, in turn, issued an order to the Chairman of the Investigative Committee, asking to impose Markin disciplinary penalties. The Investigative Committee refused to punish Markin, stating that the ONF was a public and not a political organization. According to the results of primaries in Volgograd, Markin took the 13th place out of 114.
Source: RIA Novosti, August 15, 2011
In the autumn of 2011, on the basis of the prosecutor's investigation, Rosobrnadzor demanded to cancel the decision on certification of Major General Vladimir Markin as a lawyer. The officials claimed that the procedure of issuing the diploma was violated through student Markin’s fault, but details were not disclosed.
The main complaint of the investigators was that the university allegedly trained “rash” lawyers: applicants, who paid education, were at once enrolled in the 2nd or even 3rd year; students received grades and credits without attending classes. Prosecutor General's Office said that it would seek cancellation of three hundred diplomas of the graduates, but actually only three graduates were under the “cleaning”.
In the order of the head of Rosobrnadzor Lyubov Glebova said that the agency cancels the decision of the State Certification Commission of the institute of June 9, 2009 on certification Vladimir Markin as a lawyer. The order was signed even on October 20, but for some reason it has not yet appeared on the website of Rosobrnadzor and hasn’t reached the institute.
In its decision, the official refers to Paragraph 4 of Art. 7 of the Federal Law “On Higher Education”. It says that a qualification may be revoked if the procedure of issuing the diploma is violated by the student’s fault. It is not stated in the order what exactly the student Markin has violated.
Source: Izvestia, October 31, 2011
The law degree has a special significance for Markin: according to the law, generals ' titles is only assigned to SKR (the Investigative Committee of Russia) employees with higher education in law. If there is no diploma, then there are no the straps. Before heading of the press service of the SKP-SKR, Markin had no relation to the law enforcement bodies.
The media managed to get acquainted with the results of the investigation in the IEiK. They imply that Markin was enrolled at once on the 4th year, although he had only a single contiguous subject - soviet law - at the journalistic faculty of the Moscow State University. Secondly, in just one day, on May 26, 2007, Markin managed to pass in succession six exams and 11 credits.
In the personal card of the student number 071303, filled while entering, Markin specified in the “work before ...” column, “the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation”. The trick is that the SKP was born in September 2007. But the card was fulfilled a year before, on September 26, 2006, when no one dreamed of creation of SKP.
Source: Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 28, 2011
In December 2011, it became known that the order on recognition of the Markin’s diploma invalid was canceled by the order of the Meshchansky district court, and at the end of the month accreditation and license IEiK have been restored.
Source: Interfax, January 10, 2012
A conflict between Dmitry Medvedev and the leadership of the Investigative Committee inflamed. On December 7, 2012, Medvedev talked with representatives of five channels about a search at the director Pavel Kostomarov. The prime-minister made it politically correctly clear that he didn’y understand why the investigators had visited Kostomarov early in the morning to take the materials on the Bolotnaya case (the riots in May 2011), which could have been reclaimed officially.
After the conversation Medvedev said about the investigators sharply: “They are gits having come at eight in the morning ...” These words got on the air to the Russia Today channel, which broadcast the premiere’s conversation with the journalists on YouTube.
In response to the Prime Minister, Vladimir Markin said that the investigators behaved correctly, and “in this context it was very strange to hear the comments not only insulting the investigators of SK of Russia but also undermining the authority of all law enforcement agencies of the country”.
The apearance of the comment caused, in its turn, discontent in the government. Putin's press secretary Natalya Timakova called Markin and offered to disavow his words.
Markin himself didn’t confirm the fact of the conversation but he said, “I defended the honor of the investigators of the Investigation Committee and all the law enforcement agencies. However, I did not offend anyone and did not say anything offensive. So, I do not think it is necessary to give up my words”.
The comment, however, was removed.
Source: The News, December 10, 2012